Carbon To Nitrogen Ratio

Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio (Logo)Creating nutrient-rich Humus (Header)

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The Perfect Balance Between Carbon And Nitrogen

One great way to reduce one's impact on the environment is to reduce the amount of waste being sent to landfills by creating nutrient-rich humus for soil enrichment.

You can produce great humus to help you grow better plants and improve your soil's health whether you're an avid gardener or an apartment-dweller. In fact, you can easily yield humus indoors or outdoors so long as great care is taken to produce a good quality end product.

Nutrient-rich humus will improve your soil's health Nutrient-rich humus

Humus is produced through microbial activity that breaks down plant tissues, which can be sped up in home compost bins.

The humus produced is a dark, crumbly, nutrient-rich product, which can be used as a garden soil conditioner. By following the basic composting rules, anyone can make humus.

On the other hand, organic fertilizer - which includes manure, slurry, worm castings, peat, seaweed, etc. along with natural enzyme digested proteins, fish meal, and feather meal - acts on a slow-release. That's because this organic fertilizer contains insoluble nitrogen and increased physical and biological nutrient storage mechanisms. Organic fertilizer is cheap as compared to other soil enhancing products. However, the composition of organic fertilizer has a tendency to be more complex and inconsistent than a regular inorganic product.

How To Produce Nutrient-Rich Humus

Good quality of humus is created using a combination of green materials like yard trimmings, grass clippings, kitchen peelings and chicken manure, along with brown materials like dry leaves and weeds, shredded newspaper, sawdust and straw. You have to maintain an ideal carbon to nitrogen ratio by mixing up these green and brown organic materials that are nitrogen-rich and carbon-rich, respectively.

The compost's carbon to nitrogen ratio is very important when attempting to produce a good quality of humus. You can achieve this carbon to nitrogen ratio by placing a layer of brown materials at the bottom of the composting bin or compost heap and adding a layer of grass clippings, kitchen waste and other green materials on top of it. You can also add microorganisms like red worms to the heap which act as inoculants to start the decomposition process and yield a quality humus or organic fertilizer. Repeat this layering process until the composting bin is full and also add water to keep the pile moist and efficient at yielding humus. Turn it once every week until its contents turn into rich brown humus after about three to six months.

A 30:1 Carbon To Nitrogen Ratio Can Produce Nutrient Rich Organic Fertilizer

Most experts advise that it's important to achieve a 30:1 carbon to nitrogen ratio to produce the most nutrient rich organic fertilizer. The 30:1 concept, which is known to be ideal ratio and depends on waste materials used, means 30 parts of carbon and 1 part of nitrogen. The carbon to nitrogen ratio provides carbon as a source of energy and nitrogen for building cell structure used by those microorganisms. This ratio helps you to decide the exact quantity of green and brown materials to produce good quality of humus.

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The ideal carbon to nitrogen ratio will result in nutrient-rich humus